October 5, 2022

Anyone looking to buy a house right now is in a rough spot: Home values continue to be at all time highs, and rising interest rates make mortgages increasingly expensive.

As of March, Zillow values the typical U.S. home at $337,000, a nearly 21% increase from year ago and a nearly 34% increase from 24 months ago.

In some of the country’s hottest housing markets, the jump in home values is even more dramatic. Home values in Austin, Texas, for example, have increased some 71% since March 2020, according to Zillow data. In fact, nearly 40 the country’s biggest metros have seen home values increase more than 40% in the last 24 months. Twelve fo [[of]] them have seen jumps higher than 50%.

The consistent growth in home values has begun to make some analysts wonder if there’s a bubble in the making.

Housing bubbles are “very location-dependent,” says James McGrath, a real estate broker and co-founder of the brokerage firm Yoreevo in New York City. He cites Florida as an example. Of the 37 metros where home values have increased 40% or more since March 2020, 9 of them — nearly a quarter — are in the sunshine state.

“Is that bubble-icious?” McGrath asks. “Anytime prices increased that much in a short period of time, that’s a signal to me that, hey, there’s something brewing here.”

Real estate bubbles occur when increased demand pushes home prices above what the home should be worth. When demand slows and eventually prices cool, the resulting drop in prices is the how bubble pops, leaving some people owing more than their properties are now worth.

Up until this point, many economists argued that the run up in prices was not a bubble, but instead the result of a very straightforward supply-and-demand problem.

The pandemic got a lot of people thinking about buying a house at the same time that many millennials grew into homebuying age. Meanwhile, all those would-be buyers wanted to take advantage of historically low interest rates. And there simply haven’t been enough houses put on the market to meet the demand.

Video by Mariam Abdallah

Unlike the last housing bubble, which peaked in the late 2000s and was spurred in part by speculation and shoddy lending, today’s run up was fueled by the imbalance between supply and demand, economists have said.

“I’m of the camp that there’s not necessarily a bubble” nationwide, McGrath says. “The underwriting standards of the banks have put in place since the last great recession have really tamped down on a lot of the speculation that powers flipping and some of the crazy condo and housing purchases.”

There are places, however, that do seem potentially “bubble-icious,” he says.

Anywhere that had a big run up in prices in the last two years can be a candidate for a potential bubble, McGrath notes, particularly places that became popular during the pandemic and where the median home price doesn’t match median incomes.

“Cities like Boise that have become destinations post-COVID would be great candidates for the bubble-ish label because prices are solely driven by how much people from the Northeast, California, and other high-cost areas want to live there,” McGrath says.

What to expect of the housing market: Less of a burst, more of a slow decline

The monthly payment for a $360,000 loan increases more than $400 when the interest rate is 5% instead of 3%, according to Grow calculations. That adds up to nearly $5,000 over the course of a year.

‘There’s [still] a lot of fear of missing out’